AREA OF ZOOGENETIC RESOURCES

OUR AREA

To preserve, conserve, characterize, document, collect, research and monitor the diversity and variability of native and naturalized animals and their wild relatives, through ex situ and in situ conservation at the national level that allows their sustainable use for the socio-economic benefit of the Peruvian population.

FUNCTIONS

The functions of the Animal Genetic Resources Area are as follows:

  • To preserve in the long term the germplasm of animal genetic resources and their wild relatives in ex situ conditions at the National Germplasm Bank maintained by INIA.
  • To conserve animal genetic resources and their wild relatives in agroecosystems and surrounding ecosystems in collaboration with local people and other local partners, valuing traditional knowledge associated with them (in situ conservation).
  • To make an inventory, collect and monitor the biological and genetic diversity of animal genetic resources and their wild relatives for a better understanding of their conservation status using geographic information systems and diverse indicators of diversity.
  • To estimate genetic erosion of animal genetic resources and their wild relatives and identify the factors that contribute to it.
  • To develop and implement retribution mechanisms for ecosystem services and other conservation methodologies that strengthens the conservation of animal genetic resources, both in situ and ex situ, and including native and naturalized species and their wild relatives.
  • To support and promote the identification of promising genetic material in order to make it available to breeders, improvers and other users linked to agriculture.

RESEARCH TOPICS

The lines of research in the area are:

LINE OF RESEARCH 1

  • Population genetic studies of genes associated with high productivity and quality characteristics in cattle, sheep, goats, among others.

LINE OF RESEARCH 2

  • Analysis of the genetic diversity of free-ranging populations of native animal genetic resources of Peru.

CURRENT PROJECTS

1. Characterization of milk protein genes in Brown Swiss cattle from Lima producers

In Peru, milk production during the last 10 years has increased by 53%, however, there is a concern because the dairy industry seeks to increase production quantities leaving aside the quality of milk, especially given that it is a basic element for human development. It is known that the composition of milk determines the quality of the milk and its derived and processed products. Β-lactoglobulin is one of the main milk proteins and is associated with increased milk and protein production, as well as a higher cheese yield, so a study at the molecular level will contribute greatly to its characterization for a better selection in cattle.

2. Analysis of the genetic variability of the alpaca stock of the Emergency Replacement Program

Annually the Andes of our country withstands harsh winters, frost accompanied by strong winds that lead to the freezing of lakes and rivers in the Altiplano region (High Andes), while snowfall “buries” alpacas killing them with pneumonia. In the face of these adverse weather events, the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MINAGRI) developed a replacement mechanism for losses of alpacas in favor of small breeders forming a replenishment nucleus that comes from different areas of the Puno region. The analysis of the genetic diversity of the alpacas acquired to form the nucleus will contribute knowledge about the genetic variability conserved in the alpacas that are used for production purposes in this zone of alpaca production of the country.

RESEARCHERS IN THE AREA

Dr. Cinhtya Zorrilla Cisneros

Specialist in the conservation of genetic resources

INIA Headquarters

Ms.C.  Elizabeth Fernández Huaytalla

Specialist in the conservation of genetic resources

INIA Headquarters

PUBLICATIONS

PUBLICATION 1

“Variabilidad genética de bovinos criollos de Perú utilizando marcadores microsatélites” Autores: Aquino, Y.N., E.A. Veli, E. Rivas Seoane, V. Rivas Palma y R. Estrada. Archivos de Zootecnia vol. 57, nº 219, p. 337-340, 2008.

PUBLICATION 2

“Variabilidad genética del gen de betalactoglobulina en bovinos criollos de Perú” Autores: E.A. Veli, E. Rivas Seoane, V. Rivas Palma, Y. Aquino y R. Estrada. Archivos de Zootecnia vol. 57, nº 219, p. 341-344, 2008.

PUBLICATION 3

“Variabilidad genética del gen de betalactoglobulina en bovinos criollos de Perú” Autores: E.A. Veli, E. Rivas Seoane, V. Rivas Palma, Y. Aquino y R. Estrada. Archivos de Zootecnia vol. 57, nº 219, p. 341-344, 2008.

PUBLICATION 4

“Proyecto Caracterización de los recursos zoogenéticos en función a caracteres utilitarios de la DNI Recursos Genéticos del INIEA”. Autores: E.A. Veli Rivera; V.E. Rivas Palma; E.R.G. Rivas Seoane; G. Gutiérrez Reynoso; S.H. Pastor Soplín, S. En: Memorias del V Simposio Iberoamericano sobre la conservación y utilización de los recursos zoogenéticos del 08 al 10 Diciembre del 2004. pp. 193-196. Universidad Nacional del Altiplano (UNA). Puno.

PUBLICATION 5

“Estudio preliminar de la variabilidad genética del gen de kappa caseína en bovinos criollos de la CC Qochapunco, Ayacucho”. Autores: E.A. Veli Rivera; V.E. Rivas Palma; E.R.G. Rivas Seoane; G. Gutiérrez Reynoso; S.H. Pastor Soplín, S. Altamirano Yaros V Simposio Iberoamericano sobre la conservación y utilización de los recursos zoogenéticos del 08 al 10 Diciembre del 2004. Universidad Nacional del Altiplano (UNA). Puno.

PUBLICATION 6

“Evaluación de la variabilidad genética del gen de kappa caseína en bovinos criollos (Bos taurus) de 04 comunidades de Ancash, Perú”. Autores: Eudosio Veli, Emma Rivas, Milusqui Verastegui, Victoria Rivas, Santiago Pastor. En: Memorias del REDBIO 2004 V Encuentro Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Biotecnología Agrícola del 21 al 25 de Junio del 2004. Boca Chica, Santo Domingo, República Dominicana.

PUBLICATION 7

“Evaluación de la Variabilidad de genes de kappa caseína en poblaciones de bovinos criollos de Ticllos y Huashcao, Región Ancash”. Autores: Eudosio Veli, Emma Rivas, Milusqui Verastegui, Victoria Rivas, Santiago Pastor. En: Memorias del V Congreso Peruano de Genética 2004. Lima.

PUBLICATION 8

“Primer Informe Nacional sobre la Situación de los Recursos Zoogenéticos” (PINRZ). Editores: INIA. 2004. Lima.

PUBLICATION 9

Artículo “Avances y perspectivas del establecimiento del banco de germoplasma de camélidos domésticos del INIA”. Revista Agroinnova Año 2, Edición Nº 7, 2011.

PUBLICATION 10

“Conservación de alpacas de color en Puno – Perú, analizando la diversidad del ADN mitocondrial”. Rosario, Argentina – Octubre 28 – 31 de 2012. Trabajo publicado en las Actas del Congreso en XV Congreso Latinoamericano de Genética: Journal of Basic & Applied Genetics. Vol XXIII. Suppl. 2012.

PUBLICATION 11

“Diversidad y estructuración genética de Alpacas de Color en la Región Puno (Perú)”. Arica, Chile, Noviembre 21 – 23 de 2012. Trabajo publicado en las memorias del VI Congreso Mundial de Camélidos Sudamericanos.

PUBLICATION 12

“Analysis of the state of in situ conservation of coloured fleece alpaca and llamas in Ayacucho and Junin region”. En 7th Be-Troplive Symposium “Animal Biodiversity And Family Farming: Facts From The Field” 14th November, 2014, Ath, Belgium.

THESIS

1. Análisis Genético Poblacional en Llamas Lama glama (Linnaeus, 1758) de la Región Puno Utilizando la Región Control del ADN mitocondrial. Tesis para optar el título profesional de Biólogo. Tesista: Bach. Orson Antero Mestanza Millones. Universidad: Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos.

2. Análisis de la diversidad y estructura genética – fenotípica de poblaciones de llamas suri en las Regiones de Cusco y Puno. Tesis para optar el título de Médico Veterinario y Zootecnista. Tesista: Bach.MVZ Evelyn Indira Díaz Salas. Universidad: Universidad Nacional del Altiplano.

3. Identificación de polimorfismos del gen DRB3 – Exón 2 (Bovine Linphocyte Antigen) en Bovinos Criollos Peruanos (Bos taurus, Linneaus, 1758) mediante el método SSCP (Single Strand Conformation Polimorphism). Tesis para optar el título profesional de Licenciado en Biología. Tesista: Bach. Vanessa Poquioma Hernández. Universidad: Universidad Ricardo Palma