Homage to the woman. He arrived from Chota, studied in Lima and, with effort, obtained his degree of Agricultural Engineer in Cuba and then a master’s degree in Spain. However, now that International Women’s Day is approaching, there are still few women who hold management positions in companies.
Rosa Angélica Sánchez is director general of genetic resources and biotechnology at the National Institute of Agricultural Research (INIA), but the long road to reach this position involved a lot of effort, more than would require a male aspiring to the same position.
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She recalls that once, when she worked as assistant manager of productive projects in the Municipality of Echarati (La Convención, Cusco) and had to inspect the fields and crops, a municipal official told her that she could not go “for being a woman”. It filled her with indignation and encouraged her to prove that she was as capable as anyone else of performing that work.
But not even the machismo that, even in the XXI century, prevails in our society was able to prevent this courageous woman, native of Chota, Cajamarca, to move forward. He remembers with great affection his years in the primary school San Juan, in his land, and then, to the 16 years, due to the illness of his father, had to move with his family to Lima, where he finished his secondary studies.
And when it seemed that his father’s illness would truncate his dreams of being a professional, he got a scholarship from the Cuban Ministry of Education, where he obtained his Agricultural Engineering degree, and then in 2007 he flew to Spain, again a scholarship holder. To do a Master of Sciences in the University of Lleida (Spain).
“Now there are many more women doing science than before, but the problem is that they do not hold management positions,” says Rosa Angelica and the numbers support her, because according to a Manpower Group study, women represent more than 50% of the force Employment, but less than 25% hold senior leadership positions.
The firm surveyed leaders around the world who said that gender equity is at least one generation away, averaging 17 years for all respondents.
The male leaders of Generation X and Baby Boomers are more optimistic and believe that we are closer to gender parity, at age 14.
This group has most of the decision-making power in business-95% of Fortune 500 executive director positions are occupied by men-and this may also explain why some leaders consider the work completed and Gap is closed.
Women around the world see “the glass half empty” about the time required for equity. Millennial women are less optimistic – aging 22 years – and their male counterparts are close to that figure (see infographics).
And the situation in Peru does not differ from what happens in the world.
According to the Annual Employment Report in Peru of the Ministry of Labor, there is a wage gap between men and women of S / 425, equivalent to the figure of 68 cents per sun. While the average income for a man is S / 1,341, for a woman it is S / 935.
In the case of public servants, between 2006 and 2013, men have gained, on average, 15% more than women. Since 2008, this percentage has been reduced from 24% to 12%. However, the gaps are different according to the occupational group: the largest wage gap is between male and female auxiliaries, as men earn on average 72% more than women in the same group. This is followed by the gap between male and female professionals (41%), officials and managers (24%), special careers (14%) and technicians (3%).
In this regard, the Masters in Gender Studies of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP) argues that as long as there is a double day for women not only work the same in their employment with lower salary, but also have greater difficulty access To managerial positions, since they occupy most of their time in the work of the household without any remuneration and with little help from men.
“That is why it is important to consider that to create equity in work we must be clear that equity must start from the material conditions with which it is available on a daily basis: if we do not guarantee access to childcare, a culture free from sexism, equitable redistribution Of domestic chores at the gender level and an equal pay for the same services, we will never know of the human capital that the country wastes by relegating women to the home, “the study says.
Figures of women
According to statistics from the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Populations (to 2014), the female activity rate was 63.3%, well below that of men (80.7%).
Meanwhile, the female wage-earning EAP is 39.7%, while the employed female wage-earner is 60.3% (the employed male employed wage-earner was 13 percentage points higher).
66.2% of companies owned a man, while 33.8% owned a woman.
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Reference: Diario La República