DIRECTORATE OF GENETIC RESOURCES AND BIOTECHNOLOGY

 

The National Institute of Agrarian Innovation – INIA is a public agency attached to the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, responsible for designing and implementing the national agricultural innovation strategy.

We are a Directorate in charge of leading the collection, identification, evaluation and conservation of domesticated species and their wild relatives, as well as wild species with potential in the national agrarian activity, in order to value the genetic resources of agrobiodiversity. It depends hierarchically of INIA´s Chief.

We are also in charge of leading the use and promotion of cell biology, molecular biology, genetic engineering and biochemistry, as well as modern biotechnological techniques under biosafety standards, aimed at raising the technological level of agricultural research at the national level, supporting innovation projects of INIA and the agricultural scientific community.

OUR HISTORY

Until the end of 1986, the conservation of plant genetic resources at the National Agricultural Research and Promotion Institute (INIPA) was an activity that was included in the National Research Programs – NIPs at that date (Rice, Maize, Grain Legumes, Andean Crops, Potato, Cereals, Tropical Crops and Livestock).

On November 12, 1986, INIPA, through Resolution No. 576-86-INIPA, created the National Genetic Resources Service – SENARGEN, as part of the structure of the Agricultural Promotion Division, and responsible for providing support to the National Programs by product, the Agricultural Research and Promotion Centers – CIPA’s, the Agricultural Experimental Stations-EEA’s and the producers in those aspects related to genetic resources. With the creation of SENARGEN, the role of conservation of genetic resources is organically incorporated into INIPA.

In 1987, the restructuring of INIPA gave way to the National Institute of Agrarian and Agroindustrial Research (INIAA), and SENARGEN became the National Program of Genetic Resources – PRONARGEN, whose objectives were to collect, introduce, preserve, characterize, evaluate and document the genetic resources of current and potential importance of Peru, with emphasis on native species. In 1989, PRONARGEN changed its name to the PROIRGEN-Genetic Resources Research Program, which would support and coordinate work on genetic resources at home and abroad, to establish national and international collaborations.

In 1993, a new restructuring of the Institution took place, changing its name to the National Institute of Agricultural Research – INIA, in turn PROIRGEN changed to National Program of Genetic Resources and Biotechnology – PRONARGEB with the mission to protect and conserve biological diversity through the collection, characterization, evaluation and documentation related to the genetic resources of domestic animals and related wild species, to collect the germplasm representative of the genetic diversity of the species in danger of genetic erosion, to contribute to control the genetic erosion of the species, to characterize genetically the germplasm of species and varieties of cultivated plants, species and races. At the end of 1999, PRONARGEB had 127 species and 12,395 accessions conserved. In 2001, the INIA Manual of Functions (MOF) was approved and the PRONARGEB became the National Research Program on Genetic Resources and Biotechnology – PRONIRGEB, which continues the activities of conservation, characterization, evaluation and documentation of germplasm, and implementation of software for the Generation of a database mainly for Andean tubers. PRONIRGEB changes its name to the National Directorate for Research in Genetic Resources and Biotechnology – DNIRGB (2003), continuing with the management of the Germplasm Bank, new collections of germplasm, as well as the execution of in situ conservation and Genetic Information Systems (GIS) projects. Between 2004-2006, the Germplasm Bank continued its efforts, the DNIRGB returned to its previous name PRONIRGEB and in 2005 the Subdivision of Genetic Resources and Biotechnology – SUDIRGEB, whose functions included ensuring conservation, preservation and management of the genetic resources of cultivated plants, medicinal or nutraceutical plants, domestic animals and wild relatives under ex situ conditions – in situ, at the national level to promote their rational and sustainable.

Currently, the National Institute of Agricultural Innovation has one of its General Directorates, the Directorate of Genetic Resources and Biotechnology which has the Subdivision of Genetic Resources and the Subdivision of Biotechnology, and presents 44 collections in it’s Germoplasm Bank which is represented by 256 species and 15,102 accessions.

VISION

To be a leading Directorate in the generation of scientific and technological knowledge in Genetic Resources and Biotechnology with highly qualified personnel and lines of research that contribute to the solution of the problems of the agricultural sector through research projects and competitive services that link the sectors involved, and enable the formation of high-quality human resources.

MISSION

To lead the System of Conservation of Genetic Resources of Agrobiodiversity, as well as the efficient application of Biotechnology, which result in the strengthening of scientific knowledge, development of technologies, competitive agricultural productivity and food security.

FUNCTIONS OF DRGB

  • It is responsible for the collection, identification, evaluation and conservation of domesticated species and their wild relatives, as well as wild species with potential in the national agrarian activity, in order to value the genetic resources of agrobiodiversity.
  • Is responsible for the use and promotion of cell biology, molecular biology, genetic engineering and biochemistry, as well as modern biotechnology techniques under biosafety standards, aimed at raising the technological level of agricultural research at the national level, supporting the projects of innovation of INIA and the agricultural scientific community.
  • It oversees the collection, identification, evaluation and conservation of the domesticated species and their wild relatives, as well as of wild species with potential in the national agrarian activity, to put in value the genetic resources of the agrobiodiversity.
  • Is responsible for the use and promotion of cell biology, molecular biology, genetic engineering and biochemistry, as well as modern biotechnology techniques under biosafety standards, aimed at raising the technological level of agricultural research at the national level, supporting projects of innovation at INIA and the agricultural scientific community.
  • Oversees the collection, identification, evaluation and conservation of domesticated species and their wild relatives, as well as of wild species with potential in the national agrarian activity, to value the genetic resources of agrobiodiversity.
  • It is responsible for the use and promotion of cell biology, molecular biology, genetic engineering and biochemistry, as well as modern biotechnological techniques under biosecurity standards, aimed at raising the technological level of agricultural research at the national level, supporting innovation projects of INIA and the agricultural scientific community.

STAFF OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF
GENETIC RESOURCES AND BIOTECHNOLOGY

Eng. PhD. Rosa Angélica Sánchez Díaz

General Director of Genetic Resources and Biotechnology

Mrs. Noemí Peña Huamán

Secretary of the Directorate of Genetic Resources and Biotechnology

Sr. Adolfo Alvarez Orcoapaza

Administrative Assistant of the Directorate of Genetic Resources and Biotechnology

Blga. Diana Carla Amaya Tejada

Administrative Assistant of the Directorate of Genetic Resources and Biotechnology

ORGANIZATION OF THE DIRECTORATE OF
GENETIC RESOURCES AND BIOTECHNOLOGY

  • DIRECTORATE OF GENETIC RESOURCES AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
    • SUBDIVISION OF GENETIC RESOURCES
      • AREA OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES
      • AREA OF ZOOGENETIC RESOURCES
      • AREA OF GENETIC RESOURCES OF MICROORGANISMS AND ASSOCIATED BIODIVERSITY
      • AREA OF ASSESSMENT AND USE OF GENETIC RESOURCES
      • AREA OF TAXONOMY AND PHYLOGENY
      • AREA OF STATISTICS AND BIOMETRICS
      • AREA OF SYSTEMS FOR GENETIC RESOURCE INFORMATION
    • SUBDIVISION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY
      • AREA OF INFORMATICS AND COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOG
      • AREA OF BIOTECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT
        • ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
        • INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
        • ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
        • BIOTECHNOLOGY OF DRUGS AND NUTRACUTICS
        • VEGETABLE BIOTECHNOLOGY
      • AREA OF BIOTECHNOLOGICAL SERVICES

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